Debt Ratios for Home Lending

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide the most you can pay monthly after you have paid your other recurring debts.


Understanding your qualifying ratio

Typically, conventional mortgage loans require a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that can go to housing costs (including principal and interest, private mortgage insurance, hazard insurance, property taxes, and homeowners' association dues).

The second number is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income which can be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes credit card payments, car loans, child support, et cetera.

Examples:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .28 = $1,820 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .36 = $2,340 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .29 = $1,885 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .41 = $2,665 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

 

If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, we offer a Mortgage Qualification Calculator.

Remember these are only guidelines. We will be happy to pre-qualify you to help you determine how much you can afford. Metro Mortgage can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Call us: 866-300-1550. Want to get started? Apply Here.

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